Imported item 83
What is a project?A project is a temporary endeavor or work undertaken or performed on time by an organization to create a unique product or service. It has a definite beginning and a definite end.Who is a project manager?Project managers are change agents: they make project goals their own and use their skills and expertise to inspire a sense of shared purpose within the project team.What is an IT project?This is the application of both the science and art to planning, organizing, implementing, leading, and controlling the work tasks performed to create an information system to meet the goals and objectives of an organization.IT project management involves 3 vital process which are:The process of defining: a project, developing a plan, executing the plan, monitoring progress, and taking corrective actions.The process of managing: the competing demands and trade-offs between the desired results of the project (scope, performance, quality) and the natural constraints of the project (time and cost).The process of leading: a team that has never worked together before, to create a system within a given time interval within a stipulated budget and resource constraint.There are many IT project management phases being used, but the most common phases implemented are as follows:Definition: starts as soon you as you get approval. As a PM you need to document the following: why is the project being undertaken what is the funding source? *what are the success factors ? *Competition within company. *What is the impact on existing processes. *Draw up a project charter.Initiation-Kickoff- Deliverables(Success/Failure Criteria). *Primary Stakeholders. *Scope boundaries. *Clear identification of Priorities. *Strategy for handling Risks.Planning - Defining and developing project plan. Finalizing the makeup of project team. *Preparing WBS. *how to get deliverables and who to deliver. *how to get the job done. *Clear identification of project development,staging,testing environment.Execution - coordinating people and resources to implement the plan. i.e making it happen, getting it done.Controlling/Monitoring or Evaluating - monitoring and measuring progress. identifying variances from the project plan. Tracking progress; corrective measures.Closing - formalizing acceptance of project final deliverable. This phase involves handing over and off the project and facilitating client acceptance, transition and closeout of project.